Common Sight Conditions

 There are many different eye conditions which can cause partial sight or blindness. In this section we have information on the five most common.

Age-related Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration is an eye condition resulting in the loss of central vision.


A cataract is an eye condition where the lens part of the eye becomes clouded.

Diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication with eye sight which is due to the condition diabetes.


Glaucoma is an eye condition where the optic nerve is damaged leading to sight loss. In the UK, glaucoma affects two in 100 people over the age of 40.

Retinitis pigmentosa

Retinitis pigmentosa refers to a group of hereditary eye disorders which affect the retina.

Further information

The RNIB website has more information on these and other eye conditions from the Royal College of Ophthalmologists.